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Whitewashed Wood
Dr. Carmen Wong


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Dr. Carmen Wong


PhD Candidate

Dr. Carmen Wong

Understanding disturbance, facilitation, and competition for conservation of whitebark pine in the Canadian Rockies

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Whitebark pine is facing significant decline across its range. What happens when a foundation species like whitebark pine is removed from a system? I am using tree rings sampled from stands across the Canadian Rockies to answer this question for my Ph.D. I am looking at: 1) how the role of facilitative versus competitive interactions between whitebark pine and other species may change, 2) how regeneration responds to a mountain pine beetle outbreak in Waterton Lakes National Park in the 1980s, and 3) whether there are distinct models of stand development associated with landscape position. In 2008, I will also be working as one of the monitoring ecologists for Kluane and Vuntut National Parks with Parks Canada.



Wong, C., L. Daniels, V. LeMay. 2007. How many whitebark pine trees are there? A sampling design for estimating their density. Nutcracker Notes. 13.

Wong, C., H. Sandmann, and B. Dorner. 2003. Historical variability of natural disturbances in British Columbia: A literature review.


Wong, C., H. Sandmann, and B. Dorner. 2003. Estimating Historical Variability of Natural Disturbances in British Columbia. Land Management Handbook #53 B.C. Ministry of Forests, available on-line at:


Wong, C. and K. Iverson 2004. Range of natural variability: applying the concept to forest management in central British Columbia. BC Journal of Ecosystems and Management. 4(1).


Wong, C.M. and K.P. Lertzman. 2001. Errors in estimating tree age: Implications for studies of stand dynamics. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 31: 1262-1271.

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